THE BRIMSTREE LOYAL LEGION
S. P. Tamplin
This paper, originally prepared for the local studies collection of Telford Central Library in 2008, forms part of a larger ongoing study of the volunteer military establishment of the county of Shropshire during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. The author welcomes correspondence on the subject: firstname.lastname@example.org
In March 1794 parliament responding to the invasion threat posed by revolutionary France passed an act that called upon ‘gentlemen of weight or property’ throughout the realm to initiate local defence plans that included the establishment of volunteer military formations. Three types were envisaged, namely infantry companies to man coastal artillery batteries, infantry companies to augment the regular militia, and cavalry. Volunteering developed rapidly in the early years - by May 1794 72 volunteer infantry and 32 yeomanry cavalry units had been formed, rising to 104 infantry and 50 cavalry by the end of the year. By late 1797 the Britain’s volunteer establishment stood at 51,000, rising to 116,000 in 1798 and 146,000 by 1801. Overall national membership of volunteer corps reached a high point in 1804 with 380,258 men under arms.
The Shrewsbury Chronicle reported on the formation of a new volunteer corps in Shifnal (Shropshire) during the Spring of 1798:
We have great pleasure in announcing to our readers and the public, that a Troop of Cavalry and a Company of Infantry, have enrolled themselves to act in a military capacity, within the Shifnal division of the Hundred of Brimstree, for the internal defence of the country, under the appellation of the Brimstree Loyal Legion, - Their tenders of service were transmitted to the Lord Lieutenant, who in a very handsome letter communicated the approbation of his Majesty. We are well informed that the Lord Lieutenant’s letter was dated 19 th inst, four days subsequent to Mr. Secretary Dundas’ last circular letter, and that his Lordship therin expressed his warm hopes that their loyal intentions should immediately be called into execution. 1
The Brimstree Loyal Legion was an example of a new type of volunteer corps formed from 1798, when Secretary of War Sir Henry Dundas encouraged the county lieutenants to form additional volunteer corps known as ‘Armed Associations’. He recommended that these new volunteers be organised by ‘gentlemen of property and respectable farmers’ under the guidance of the Lords Lieutenants, and were to consist of ‘none but known and respectable householders’ or men who could produce at least two such referees. The requirements that corps be formed by ‘gentlemen of property’ was qualified by an insistence that officers commanding armed associations if not already holding the King’s commission, should own land within the county valued at £50 or more, should rent land valued at £1000 or more, or should be the sons of such qualified men, and should reside in the same locality as their corps. The officer’s commissions specifically stated that they were not to take rank in the army or that there corps should be subject to regular military discipline, except on their own accord. They were self regulated, self financed (usually by means of membership subscriptions) and elected their own officers. The local nature of the armed associations meant that their conditions of service were more limited than those of the yeomanry and other volunteer infantry corps, in as much as they were to serve only within a few miles of the towns in which they were raised and were not expected to serve to the limits of the county or military districts. The intended duties of these new formations were to carry out the duties of regular troops, militia or volunteers when these were called away, and to carry out local policing during periods of unrest. There was also a hope that these new formations would encourage the labouring classes into volunteering thus extending the social scope of what until then an overwhelmingly middle class force.
The new corps’ terms of service stated:
We the members composing this corps having proffered our services to His Majesty, form a troop of cavalry and corps of infantry, for the protection and defence of the Shifnal division in the Hundred of Brimstree, in the county of Salop, at the requisition of the civil power only, commanded by officers elected by ourselves and to be commissioned by His Majesty.2
Robert Slaney of Hatton was elected Major-Commandant in June 1798, with Captain’s Joshua Williams of Decker Hill and Moreton Slaney of Shifnal commanding the cavalry and infantry contingents respectively.3 A second cavalry troop was later formed under Captain William Davenport of Apley.4 No records survive of the overall strength of the Brimstree Loyal Legion, only roll calls of the Shifnal Troop and the infantry. In November 1798 the Shifnal Troop numbered 63 all ranks. On January 31 st 1800 the Shifnal Company consisted of a Captain, Lieutenant, Ensign, Sergeant Major, 3 Sergeants, 4 Corporals, 61 Privates and 10 Musician.5 The strength of the Apley Troop is unknown but the combined strength of both Troops in November 1800 was 114.6
As with all the volunteer corps of this period the BLL was self financing by means of monthly membership subscriptions, and each volunteer swore the following oath:
I A.B. a volunteer in the Brimstree Loyal Legion, do swear to be faithful, and bear true allegiance to His Majesty King George, and when ever called upon by the acting Magistrates of this Division of the Hundred of Brimstree, or by the Commanding Officer, I will exert myself to the utmost in the defence of the lives and properties of the inhabitants.7
In addition to his horse, the mounted volunteer supplied his own uniform, purchased locally and adhering to the corps’ regulations. For the cavalry this consisted of a light dragoon’s fur crested helmet, a scarlet jacket with blue collar and cuffs and white metal buttons with ‘B.L.L.’ below a crown, white waistcoat and white leather breeches, long black boots, and a black stock or handkerchief. Corps funds then provided for his horse blanket, bridle, horse collar, sword, sword belt, sword knot, pistol, holster and cartridge box. The infantry volunteer wore a black round hat with a red feather, a blue coat with red collar and cuffs and brass buttons of the same pattern as those of the cavalry, white waistcoat and white pantaloons, black gaiters “edged red and rising above the ankle” and a black stock or handkerchief. His musket, bayonet and scabbard, cartridge box and white leather cross-belts were provided. Powder and ball when issued was likewise supplied from funds. Officers wore the same basic uniform as the rank and file but were distinguished by red and white feathers in their headdress, and presumably red silk sashes. 8
The corps was run day-to-day by a committee that consisted of two or more officers and three or more other ranks, with the senior officer present acting as chairman. It’s known from surviving notes, minutes and memos that regular committee meetings were held at the Talbot Arms, Shifnal, and that larger meetings were held in the Jerningham Arms, Shifnal. The committee administered the monthly membership subscription. Fines levied for minor misdemeanors contributed to a social fund the use of which was decided by the membership. The corp’s secretary was Revel Phillips of Shifnal.9
In 1799 Major Slaney and Lieutenant Roden resigned from the corps and were duly elected honorary members in recognition of service rendered.10 On April 5 th 1799, 27 year old Thomas Netherton Parker of Hatton Grange, a private in the Shifnal Troop, was elected Major Commandant. Major Parker was superbly qualified being a Deputy Lieutenant of Worcestershire, a steward of Worcester Races and had served as a Captain in the Worcester Provisional Cavalry. His commission document, now in the collection of the Shropshire Archives, clearly states the typical terms of appointment of an officer in the volunteer forces:
We appoint you to be Major Commandant of the Brimstree Loyal Legion, but not to take rank in our army except during the time of the said corps being called out into active service.11
On June 4 th 1799 the Legion mustered on Upton Common, near Shifnal, to celebrate the King’s birthday. The Shrewsbury Chronicle reported:
Tuesday being the King’s Birth-day, the Brimstree Loyal Legion, under the command of Major Parker, met upon Upton Common, near Shifnal, at 10 o’clock. The 1 st, or Shifnal Troop, commanded by Captain Williams; the 2 nd or Apley Troop, commanded by Captain Davenport; and the Company of Infantry, commanded by Captain Slaney. Notwithstanding the wind being very troublesome, they went through a series of maneuvers, and the firings with an exactness and address, which is highly honorable to the Officers and the Corps at large, amidst such a concourse of spectators as was never seen at Shifnal upon any former occasion. At three o’clock the Corps marched into Shifnal, where a dinner was prepared for them by the Officers, at the Talbot Inn. The dinner was conducted with the utmost harmony and discreet conviviality. The evening parade took place at 7 o’clock at Shifnal, and the Apley Troop on their return home, were accompanied by the rest of the Corps to some distance from Shifnal; when they parted, saluting each other with reiterated cheers, and evincing their unanimity and patriotic attachment to the cause in which they are engaged. 12
That autumn ( 1799 ) the corps made the local press again, this time The Salopian Journal, when on October 2 nd, the 2 nd ( Apley ) Troop assembled at Stockton, nr. Bridgnorth, for the presentation of a standard by Mrs. Whitmore of Apley:
On Wednesday last a very elegant standard was presented by Mrs. Whitmore to the Apley Troop of the Brimstree Loyal Legion, commanded by Captain Davenport. The Troop assembled at Stockton, where they attended Divine Service. The Standard was deposited at the altar, and an excellent sermon was preached on the occasion by the Reverend Mountford, Chaplain to the Troop. A very respectable attendance of the neighbouring district accompanied Mrs. Whitmore on her presentation of the Standard to Captain Davenport, whom she addressed in a neat and appropriate speech, to which he returned a concise but judicious answer, in which he first expressed, in the name of the Troop, a promise of the obligation conferred by so distinguished a mark of favour and attention as the one they that morning received. When the care of the Standard was consigned to the Cornet, it was accompanied by a manly charge from the Cavalry which was handsomely replied to.
The ceremony of presentation being ended, Thomas Whitmore, who is a private in the troop, after soliciting the permission of Captain Davenport moved forward from the ranks, and presented in a very pleasing manner, his thanks to the Captain and the whole troop, for so kindly accommodating his mother in attending at Stockton on the occasion. To which he added a request that they would do him the honour to partake of a dinner at the Crown Inn, Bridgnorth, whither they immediately adjourned. After dinner many loyal and constitutional toasts were drank, and the evening passed in the greatest cheerfulness and harmony.13
At a committee meeting held at the Talbot Inn on November Inn on November 19 th 1799, the case of a less than loyal member of the Loyal Legion was discussed. It appears that the Shifnal Troop’s hired trumpeter, John Underhill, tried to obtain a better deal with another corps:
A letter from the Rev. John Bartham to Major Parker was taken into consideration, stating the negotiation of John Underhill, the trumpeter, with the Tettenhall Troop while he was under an engagement for hire with the Shifnal Troop of the Brimstree Loyal Legion – which statement was written with the knowledge of Captain Hollyoake. This Committee unanimously order that Thomas Underhill the father, and John Underhill the son, be dismissed from the BLL, and the clothes of the father, and two suits of clothes of the son, shall be delivered to Revel Phillips Esq, Treasurer of the said corps. This committee confide in the honour and good neighbourhood of the Tettenhall Troop that they will not countenance such behaviour, as appears by the said statement, in hiring John Underhill as their trumpeter. 14
At a general meeting on Sunday March 2 nd 1800, it was agreed to extend the services of the Legion to a distance of 7 miles around the town of Shifnal.15 By the summer of 1800 it was decided that measures should be taken to tighten discipline within the Shifnal Company. Minutes of a committee meeting held at TheTalbot Inn, Shifnal, on June 17 th 1800, report:
That Major Parker take measures to prepare a legal agreement between members of the infantry and Major Parker, in order to enforce attendance and good order in the way of fines: that Major Parker apply Parker apply to his attorney with the assistance of the Council if thought necessary, that the same agreement be prepared and presented without delay, and the expenses of the same be charged to this fund.16
A system of fines was duly implemented on August 23 rd 1800. 17
In the autumn of 1800 the Shifnal Troop was deployed to quell unrest and to protect Shifnal market during the disturbances brought about by a poor harvest and the consequent high food prices.
On November 24 th 1800, the cavalry under the command of Major Parker and Captains Davenport and Williams were inspected on Upton Common by Lieutenant-Colonel Croft of the 6 th Dragoons. The Shrewsbury Chronicle reported:
They mustered 114 men, and were all well mounted, and completely armed and equipped with the smallest assistance from the Government, and were highly complimented by Col. Croft for the quality of their drill despite the handicap of rain and snow storms.
In July 1801 Captain Slaney and Lieutenant Young of the Shifnal Company resigned due to outside commitments. The committee drafted letters of thanks for their service and elected them honorary members of the corps. An election was duly held to replace the two officers and the result was announced by Major Parker in a circular dated August 11 th 1801:
Major Parker has much pleasure in acquainting the Members of the Infantry, that GEORGE DURANT Esq, has complied with their wishes in accepting the command of the Company. 18
Its not recorded who replaced William Young as Lieutenant. In the same letter Major Parker mentions a ‘deed of agreement’ and issues an ultimatum to members of the company
And MAJOR PARKER hereby appoints a Meeting of the Infantry to be held at Upton Common, on Sunday 23 August, at Four o’ Clock in the Afternoon, for the purpose of being exercised. And he begs leave to apprise those who have not executed the late Deed of Agreement, that it has been approved by a majority of votes, indeed without a dissenting voice; and that those therefore who do not execute it previous to the 23 rd cannot be considered as Members of that Company. And he has further to add, that the Deed is left at Mr. MORETON SLANEY’S Office in Shifnal, for the convenience of those who may choose to add their signatures within the limited time; and that printed Extracts from the Deed of Agreement are left with the original, for the members who have not received a copy of them. 19
This letter was sent to regular members of the Shifnal Company but the reasons for its issue, the nature of the agreement, and the eventual outcome are unknown.
By the autumn of 1801 the preliminaries of peace were being discussed with the French Consul, and these negotiations prompted a government circular to be communicated to every volunteer corps in Britain:
It is impossible for His Majesty on the happy event of the Ratification of the Preliminaries of Peace, between him and the French Government, not to repeat in the strongest Terms the deep and lasting Sense which He entertains of that steady Attachment to our established Constitution, and that Loyalty, Spirit and Preference which have been manifested by the several Corps of YEOMANRY and VOLUNTEERS in every part of this Kingdom; and that it is His Majesty’s Pleasure, when your Corp’s is next assembled, that you should read this letter to them, and return them thanks in His Majesty’s Name, for a Conduct which has contributed essentially towards maintaining the Public Security, and enabling His Majesty to bring the Contest in which he has been engaged, to an honourable and advantageous Conclusion.
His Majesty has, at the same time, commanded Lord HOBART to state, that there is every Reason to hope that a Continuance of the same Disposition which has produced the Signature and Ratification of the Preliminaries of Peace, will speedily lead to a definitive Treaty; but until that Period arrives, it is indispensably necessary that there should be no Relaxation in the Preparations which have been made dfor the general Defence; and further to express His Majesty’s firm Reliance, that the Several Corps of YEOMANRY and VOLUNTEERS will continue to hold themselves in readiness for immediate Service, and to be regularly trained and exercised as often as their circumstances will respectively admit. 20
When peace did come in March 1802, Secretary of State Lord Hobart ordered the volunteer and association infantry to be disbanded via a circular letter to the Lord Lieutenant, dated April 19 th 1803:
In consequence of the conclusion of the Definitive Treaty of Peace; I have received His Majesty’s commands to convey His warmest acknowledgements to the several Corps of Yeomanry and Volunteer Cavalry, and Volunteer and Associated Infantry; and to express the satisfaction with which He contemplates the steadfast attachment to the established constitution of the County, and the unshaken loyalty and affection to His Person and Government, by which those Corps have been distinguished, and the just recollection which he shall ever retain of their services during a period of un-paralleled difficulty and danger.
It is His Majesty’s pleasure that your Lordship should signify these His sentiments to the commanding officers of every establishment of Yeomanry and Volunteer Cavalry, and Volunteer and Association Infantry within the County of Salop to be by them communicated to their respective Corps. In making this communication to the Corps of Volunteer and Associated Infantry, your Lordship will particularly explain, that in declining the offers of those which have proposed a continuation of their services, His Majesty has acted upon a firm persuasion, that should circumstances at any future time render it necessary for Him to call for them, the same principals and sentiments which have already evinced, will be manifested with equal ardor and alacrity in the support of their Sovereign, and the defence of their Country.
Your Lordship will instruct the several commanding officers to communicate with the Board of Ordnance with respect to the period of disembodying their respective Corps for the purpose of the necessary arrangements being made for receiving their arms and accoutrements. In any case where these may be the property of the individuals they will be kept in store for the purpose of being re-delivered in case of their being wanted upon any future occasion.
With regard to the Yeomanry and Volunteer Cavalry, there are circumstances connected with that part of the Volunteer institution, which have suggested the propriety of the continuance of a proportion, if not the whole of it during peace; but I have it in command from His Majesty distinctly to explain that, that he entertains no wish to avail Himself of the present services of any persons, who under the change of circumstances, may be desirous of withdrawing them; nor could the dissolution of any Corps be looked upon as indicating an abatement of zeal on the part of individuals, who may consider the object now to be inadequate to the sacrifices to which they have hitherto cheerfully consented.
In communicating His Majesty’s pleasure upon these points for the several Corps of Yeomanry Cavalry within your County, your Lordship can offer no better recommendation to them, than to adhere to that line of conduct by which they have deservedly acquired the honourable distinction of being considered as not only providing a resource in cases of serious internal commotion and disorder; but as banning an essential part of the defence of the Country against a foreign enemy in circumstances of extraordinary emergency. 21
On Tuesday June 1 st 1802, Major Parker gave a dinner at Hatton Grange for the Shifnal Troop and the infantry, to celebrate a return to peace and to thank them for their service – the corps was being disbanded the following day in accordance with the 1798 Act. 90 guests were present. The Shrewsbury Chronicle reported his after dinner speech:
After communicating his Majesty’s most gracious Letter of Thanks, and those of both Houses of Parliament, for the Services of the Brimstree Loyal Legion, it becomes me individually to express my sincere acknowledgements for your cheerful co-operation and assistance in the Corps; and if anything could they be wanting to increase the pleasures we all must feel at the return of Peace and Plenty, we must flatter ourselves, that by a zealous and active attachment to our King and Country during the War, we have contributed our share towards so desirable an event. We have made our ordinary habits and occupations subservient to the exigencies of the State; and at a time nearly the most critical in the annals of British History, we mustered ( in conjunction with the Apley Troop ) no less than two hundred armed men, and the greatest part of Cavalry completely accoutered, and, if I may presume to add, properly disciplined, without any expense to the Government.
Nor can I allow this opportunity to escape me of remarking on one occasion, whereupon the services of the Corps were most conspicuously useful; I allude to that day, when the enormous high price of provisions having spread despair and distraction around us, had provoked some misguided inhabitants of this populous neighborhood to threaten the Shifnal market with interruption. I am proud to acknowledge the spirited exertions of the Shifnal Troop, at that juncture, in accomplishing the fullest muster upon the shortest notice possible, and of the Apley Troop which was under arms for the same purpose, had their assistance been necessary, and of the infantry who were also in readiness. The happy consequence of such timely protection was, that instead of the market being interrupted, it afforded an asylum to many who had been terrified by the disturbances at neighboring towns; and it was emphatically said, that “our markets became more like fairs.”
I must now beg that you will accept my best thanks for the Honour you conferred in electing me to the command of so respectable an Association; and, unqualified as I may have been to execute the important trust which you confided in me, I have constantly endeavoured, with the utmost of my ability, to promote the discipline and the good purposes of the Establishment.
That the present Peace may be secure and permanent is, without doubt, the anxious wish of us all; but should future events bring forth future occasion of our services, I am confident, that the Hundred of Brimstree will be at all times ready to furnish a suitable and effectual support to our King and Constitution.22
Many members of the Brimstree Loyal Legion re-enlisted into local units that were formed following the resumption of hostilities in 1803, e.g. Lieutenant Edward Gatacre and Private Thomas Whitmore of the Apley Troop, who both later commanded the Morfe and Royal Oak Volunteers, Captain Davenport who became that corps’ Major, and Major Parker who obtained a Captaincy in Col. Powell’s Shropshire Regiment of Volunteers.
Robert Slaney (20/06/1798 – 03/1799) Thomas Netherton Parker (05/04/1799)
1 st ( Shifnal ) Troop 24
Captain Joshua Williams Decker Hill (20/06/1798)
Lieutenant Robert Roden (Shifnal) (20/06/1798) – resigned 1799, Samual Harding (Grindle) (05/04/1799)
Cornet John Wood (Hatton) (20/06/1798)
Rank and File Thomas Andrews (Tong) Richard Banton (Whiston) Francis Barney (Lea Hall)
William Belton (Grindle) Thomas Bridgin (Houghton) George Roughly (Sutton)
James Boulton (Albrighton) John Boulton (Humphreston) William Boulton (Brinton)
Edward Cartwright (Kemberton) John Cherrington (Kemberton) John Duncalfe (Tong)
George Ellis (Shifnal) C. Firchild (Burlington) Joseph Fletcher (?) Thomas Fowler (Brockton)
William Gould (Hem) Moses Harding (Grindle) William Hicklin (Wildicot) Joseph Higgins (Shifnal)
Thomas Holt (Sutton Wood) John Hoole (Beckbury) Thomas Langley (Upton) Thomas Mackrell (Manor) Charles Marshall (Bridgnorth) John Masefield (Shifnal) Thomas Merryweather (Ryton)
George Thomas Molineux (Ryton) Daniel Onions (?) Edward Owen (Albrighton) William Owen (Shifnal) Thomas N. Parker (Hatton Grange) William Parkin (Chapel House) George Phillips (Brockton)
Francis Phillips (Brockton) Richard Phillips (Stanton) William Phillips (Brockton)
Benjamin Poole (Madeley Court) John Robinson (Shifnal) Thomas Rushton (Wyke) John Shiston (Grindle) James Smith (Coppice Green) Robert Smith (Coppice Green) Samuel Smith (Stanton)
Thomas Smith (Drayton) William Smith (Woodhouse) Richard Summers (Drayton) William Sutton (?)
Thomas Testell (Shifnal) Robert Trigger (Stirchley) Richard Turner (Shifnal)
William Whitewash (Albrighton) John Wood (Whiston) Samuel Wright (Hatton)
Benjamin Yates (Donington) William Yates (Donington) William Yeates (Beamish)
2 nd ( Apley ) Troop 25
Captain – William Yelverton Davenport (Davenport House, Apley)
1 st Lieutenant – Edward Gatacre
2 nd Lieutenant – Thomas Smith
Cornet – William Stokes All were commissioned on 20/08/1798
Captain – M A Slaney (Shifnal) (20/06/1798 – resigned 07/1801) George Durant (Shifnal) 11/08/1801
Lieutenant – William Yonge (Shifnal) (20/06/1798) – resigned 07/1801
Ensign – Samuel Bennet (Shifnal) (20/06/1798)
Sergeant Major – William Maybury (Shifnal)
Sergeants – William Fletcher, Samuel Jones, Iain Laurence
Corporals – John Bartley, Richard Brooke, Francis Halley, John Jones
Privates – Thomas Adams, William Allthen, Robert Austin, John Bates, Thomas Beethstone,
William Blood, William Bucknale, William Brothwood, George Broughall, Benjamin Brown,
Benjamin Boulton, William Boulton, Michael Carlow, Joseph Collier, Richard Corfield, Samuel Cousen, Samuel (illegible) William Dabbs, George Davies, Richard Dun ? (illegible) Richard Edwards,
Richard Evans, John Hallales, Richard Hammond, Edward Hartshorne, Edward Heywood, Stephen Higgs, George Houghton, Leonard Houghton, William Lea, John Linnell, Richard Littleford, William Morris,
John Nichols, Joseph North, Thomas North, Thomas Onions, Francis Perks, Thomas Pickin, Henry Pigeon, John Powell, George Price, John Price, John Rogers, Edward Richards, John Rushton, John Reynolds, Joseph Reynolds, Francis Richards, John Scarrott, Arthur Shuker, Thomas Sutton, Edward Taylor,
Henry Thomas, Stephen Totty ?, John Wood, William Wood, William Worthington
In the infantry roll call of January 1800 its noted that the band of music consisted of 10 musicians – Bass Drum, 2 Side Drums, Fife, Horn, 3 Clarinets, Cymbals, and Tambourine. By 01/06/1802 it appears that the band had lost two instruments as the list records: Joseph Darrall of Priorslee (Bandmaster) John Alcock, Robert Barnet, William Davies, Richard Goulding, William Gregory, William Smallman and John Ward. 27
Corps Treasurer – Revel Philips (Shifnal) 28
Published General Sources
Linda Colley Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837 ( Yale. 1992 )
Austin Gee The British Volunteer Movement 1794 – 1815 ( Cambridge. 2005 )
Richard Glover Britain at Bay: Defence against Bonaparte 1803-1814 (London. 1973)
Mark Philp (ed) Resisting Napoleon: The British Response to the Threat of Invasion 1797 – 1815
( Aldershot. 2006 )
Glenn A. Steppler Britons to Arms: The Story of the British Volunteer Soldier (Sutton. 1992)
Published Specialist Sources
G. Archer Parfitt Historical Records of the 4 th Battalion King’s Shropshire Light Infantry ( T A )
( Shrewsbury. 1959 )
G. Archer Parfitt The Shropshire Yeomanry ( 6 th Dragoons ) R.A.C. ( TA ): Some Historical Notes on Regimental Organisation and Dress ( Shrewsbury. 1965 )
G. Archer Parfitt ( ed ) The History of the Corps of the King’s Shropshire Light Infantry, Vol. 4 – The Shropshire Militia and Volunteers ( Shrewsbury. 1967 )
E. W. Gladstone The Shropshire Yeomanry 1795-1945: The Story of a Volunteer Cavalry Regiment (Manchester. 1953 )
Askew Roberts ‘Shropshire Patriotism in 1798’ from The Transaction of the Shropshire Archeological and Natural History Society ( Vol. III. 1880 )
Col. C.G. Wingfield Historical Record of the Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry 1795 - 1888 (Shrewsbury. 1888 )
Salopian Journal ( various editions 1798 – 1802 )
Shrewsbury Chronicle ( various editions 1798 – 1802 )
Primary Sources in the Collection of the Shropshire County Archives
1060/001 – Officers of the Brimstree Loyal Legion
1060/160 – Appointment of Thomas Netherton Parker as Major Commandant of the Brimstree Loyal Legion ( 5 thApril 1799)
1060/187 – Regulating Code of the Brimstree Loyal Legion ( May 4 th 1798)
1060/189 – Extract or Memorandum of an Indenture between Thomas Netherton Parker and the Infantry Corps of the Brimstree Loyal Legion (August 23 rd 1800)
1060/214 – Minute Book of the Committee of the Brimstree Loyal Legion
1060/219 – Brimstree Loyal Legion Cavalry Roll (November 1798)
1060/221/1 – Return of the Infantry of the Brimstree Loyal Legion
The author would like to thank the following for their help in the preparation of this paper:
The staff of the Shropshire County Archives, Shrewsbury.
Mr. Peter Duckers and the staff of the Shropshire Regimental Museum, Shrewsbury Castle.
Telford and Wrekin Library Service.
The late Mr. G Archer-Parfitt.
The author was educated at Coleg Harlech and the University of Wales, Aberystwyth.
1Shrewsbury Chronicle ( Friday May 25 th 1798 )
2 Regulating Code of Laws for the Brimstree Loyal Legion, May 4 th 1798 - SYO 1060/187
3 Gladstone p.18 / Col. C. G. Wingfield Historical Records of the Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry 1795-1888 p.86
5 Return of the Infantry of the Brimstree Loyal Legion, May 4 th. 1798 – SYO 1060/186-8
6 Shrewsbury Chronicle ( Friday November 28 th 1800 )
7 Regulating Code of Laws for the Brimstree Loyal Legion, May 4 th 1798 – SYO 1060/187
9 Minute Book of the Committee of the Brimstree Loyal Legion – SYO 1060/214
11 Appointment of Thomas Netherton Parker as Major Commandant of the Brimstree Loyal Legion – 5 th April 1799 – SYO 1060/160
12Shrewsbury Chronicle ( Friday June 7 th 1799 )
13Salopian Journal ( Wednesday October 9 th, 1799 )
14 Minute Book of the Committee of the Brimstree Loyal Legion – SYO1060/214
17 Extract or Memorandum of an Indenture between Thomas Netherton Parker and the Infantry Corps of the Brimstree Loyal Legion ( August 23 rd, 1800 ) – SYO1060/187
18Minute Book of the Committee of the Brimstree Loyal Legion – SYO1060/214
19 Extract or Memorandum of an Indenture between Thomas Netherton Parker and the Infantry Corps of the Brimstree Loyal Legion ( August 23 rd, 1800 ) – SYO1060/187
20 Cited in E.W. Gladstone The Shropshire Yeomanry 1795-1945: The Story of a Volunteer Cavalry Regiment p.65
21 Circular from Secretary of State for War, Lord Hobart, to the County Lieutenant of Shropshire (19/04/1803) cited in G. Archer Parfitt The History of the Corps of the King’s Shropshire Light Infantry: Volume 4 – The Shropshire Militia and Volunteers p.192
22 Shrewsbury Chronicle ( Friday June 11 th 1802 )
23 G. Archer Parfitt ( ed ) The History of the Corps of the King’s Shropshire Light Infantry, Vol. 4 – The Shropshire Militia and Volunteers p.203 / E. W. Gladstone The Shropshire Yeomanry 1795-1945: The Story of a Volunteer Cavalry Regiment p.18 / Col. C.G. Wingfield Historical Record of the Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry 1795 - 1888 p.85
24 G. Archer Parfitt ( ed ) The History of the Corps of the King’s Shropshire Light Infantry, Vol. 4 – The Shropshire Militia and Volunteers p.202-03 / Officers of the Brimstree Loyal Legion SYO1060 / Return of the Infantry of the Brimstree Loyal Legion, 31 st January 1800 SYO1060/219
26Ibid / Return of the Infantry of the Brimstree Loyal Legion SA1060/221/1
28 Regulating Code of the Brimstree Loyal Legion, 4 th May 1798 SA1060/186
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